Google Scholar. Corina S. Elisabete Weiderpass. Adele C. Eiliv Lund. Marit B. Cite Citation. Permissions Icon Permissions. Abstract Indoor tanning is associated with increased risk of melanoma, but most evidence comes from case-control studies. Answers to detailed questions about host characteristics and UV exposure were collected for , women born in — at baseline Figure 1. The participants received follow-up questionnaires every 4—6 years. That study formed the basis for previous analyses of melanoma risk factors 11 , 12 but included only data from baseline questionnaires.
In the current study, we evaluated melanoma risk in the entire NOWAC cohort and included exposure information obtained from the follow-up questionnaires. Figure 1. Open in new tab Download slide. Indoor tanning was more common among women in the younger birth cohorts, women living in southeastern Norway which had the highest level of residential ambient UV exposure , women with fewer years of education, women with a light skin color, and women who reported a higher cumulative number of sunbathing vacations Table 1.
In general, very few women reported indoor tanning when aged 10—19 years, and frequent use of tanning devices at this age was not common even among women in the highest tertile of cumulative number of indoor tanning sessions Figure 2. There was a tendency toward a higher proportion of women reporting indoor tanning initiation before age 30 in the younger birth cohorts Figure 3. Figure 2. Figure 3. Table 1. Cumulative No. Abbreviation: UV, ultraviolet. Abbreviations: CI, confidence interval; RR, relative risk. Abbreviations: CI, confidence interval; SD, standard deviation. Cancer Registry of Norway.
Cutaneous melanoma attributable to sunbed use: systematic review and meta-analysis. Search ADS. The association of indoor tanning and melanoma in adults: systematic review and meta-analysis. The Surgeon General should say that indoor ultraviolet radiation tanning causes skin cancer. International Agency for Research on Cancer. Google Preview. El Ghissassi.
International prevalence of indoor tanning a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sun and solarium exposure and melanoma risk: effects of age, pigmentary characteristics, and nevi. A prospective study of pigmentation, sun exposure, and risk of cutaneous malignant melanoma in women. Vitamin D-effective solar UV radiation, dietary vitamin D and breast cancer risk.
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Reproducibility of self-reported melanoma risk factors in a large cohort study of Norwegian women. Re: A prospective study of pigmentation, sun exposure, and risk of cutaneous malignant melanoma in women. Multiple imputation of covariates by fully conditional specification: accommodating the substantive model. A prospective, population-based study of 40, women regarding host factors, UV exposure and sunbed use in relation to risk and anatomic site of cutaneous melanoma.
Everyone is at risk
Sunbed use during adolescence and early adulthood is associated with increased risk of early-onset melanoma. Disability-adjusted life years DALYs for diseases and injuries in 21 regions, — a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study Burden of disease due to cutaneous melanoma has increased in the Netherlands since The association of use of sunbeds with cutaneous malignant melanoma and other skin cancers: a systematic review.
Indoor tanning and risk of melanoma: a case-control study in a highly exposed population. Sunlamp use and the risk of cutaneous malignant melanoma: a population-based case-control study in Connecticut, USA.
Dangers of indoor tanning | American Academy of Dermatology
Lifetime history of indoor tanning in young people: a retrospective assessment of initiation, persistence, and correlates. Who uses sunbeds? A systematic literature review of risk groups in developed countries. All rights reserved.
Melanoma rates are up 800 percent for women aged 18-35, researchers say
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Even through cloud coverage, UV rays reach the Earth's surface and your skin. Some studies, including one published in the Journal of Geophysical Research , describe an effect called "cloud enhancement of UV radiation. Even though the sun doesn't seem as strong in the winter months, it's just as important to protect yourself — harmful UVB rays are present year-around. Though cooler temps can be deceiving, if you're outside, you're still at risk for skin damage. In fact, people enjoying the great outdoors and the snow in the winter to be extra vigilant , since snow reflects light.
Your body produces vitamin D when your bare skin is exposed to sunlight , especially UVB rays. That doesn't mean tanning will up you body's production. Sarnoff, M. Not understanding the facts can literally mean the difference between life and death. When you lie in an indoor tanning bed, you are exposed primarily to UVA… But it is UVB the sun burning rays — not UVA — which helps the skin make vitamin D, so you are increasing your risk of skin cancer without receiving any benefit!
The Skin Cancer Foundation recommends everyone limit outdoor time to between the hours of 10 a. That recommendation becomes more relevant as climate change makes the sun more powerful and deadly. One study says ozone depletion, which allows more UV rays to reach the surface of the Earth, has led to an increase in skin cancers worldwide, and scientists fear this trend will increase as time goes by. It's even more important that kids cover up, since children receive the majority of their lifetime sun exposure before age In Australia, where ozone depletion is most prevalent, increases in UVB radiation has increased by 5 percent since Since then, the number of cases of skin cancer has exploded.
Nearly two-thirds of all Australians will have been diagnosed with some form of skin cancer by the time they are 70, and that figure is expected to rise. Australians are so aware of the dangers of the sun that they have implemented a strict "no hat, no play" policy at schools and daycares, which means children are forbidden from going outdoors without a wide-brimmed hat on their little heads. Many people hoping to get that "summer glow" opt for getting a spray tan to protect themselves from the dangers of tanning beds or the sun. Unfortunately, this option may not be as safe as might be expected.
When ABC News , investigated spray tans, six medical experts in areas ranging across the fields of dermatology, toxicology and pulmonary medicine said they "have concerns" about the practice.
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